The two of the best known processes are smelting and roasting. The two are actually different methods, but both involve heating the ore to high temperatures. Technically, any methods which consist of processing ore by heating it are called “pyrometallurgy”.
Iron ore pelletizing systems. Iron ore fines are agglomerated into pellets and then indurated using a furnace to create iron ore pellets. These are typically fed to a blast furnace or DRI plant as part of the process to make steel.